Top 10 countries that have the highest population density, have you known?

Categories: Travel

Have you ever wondered which countries are most densely populated? Here are the top 10 countries that have the highest population density and the information about their geographical, historical, cultural and economic features.

What are the most densely populated countries in the world? Here is a ranking of the top 10 most densely populated countries in the world:

  1. Macau (Population density: 21,055/km²)
  2. Monaco (Population density: 19,150/km²)
  3. Singapore (Population density: 8,109/km²)
  4. Hong Kong (Population density: 6,677/km²)
  5. Gibraltar (Population density: 5,620/km²)
  6. Bahrain (Population density: 2,052/km²)
  7. Vatican City (Population density: 1,820/km²)
  8. Maldives (Population density: 1,719/km²)
  9. Malta (Population density: 1,390/km²)
  10. Sint Maarten (Population density: 1,234/km²)

As the country with the world's highest population, it is not surprising that the Chinese territory of Macau also has the world's highest population density at 21,081/km². This is followed by the small European city-state of Monaco at 19,256/km², the south-east Asian city-state of Singapore, and the Chinese territory of Hong Kong. It is notable that all three of these locations are regarded as centers of wealth and finance, attracting a population of many high net worth individuals.

1. Macau (Population density: 21,055/km²)

Macau, also spelled Macao, and officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a city in the western Pearl River Delta by the South China Sea. It is a special administrative region of China and maintains separate governing and economic systems from those of mainland China. With a population of 696,100 and an area of 32.9 km2 (12.7 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world.

Macau was formerly a colony of the Portuguese Empire, after Ming China leased the territory as a trading post in 1557. Portugal paid an annual rent and administered the territory under Chinese sovereignty until 1887 when it gained perpetual colonial rights in the Sino-Portuguese Treaty of Peking. The colony remained under Portuguese rule until 1999, when it was transferred to China.

Originally a sparsely populated collection of coastal islands, the territory has become a major resort city and the top destination for gambling tourism. Its gambling industry is seven times larger than that of Las Vegas. Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, it has severe income inequality. Its GDP per capita by purchasing power parity is one of the highest in the world and higher than any country in the world in 2014 according to the World Bank.

Macau has a very high Human Development Index, although it is only calculated by the Macau government instead of the United Nations. Macau has the fourth-highest life expectancy in the world. The territory is highly urbanised and most development is built on reclaimed land; two-thirds of the total land area is reclaimed from the sea.

2. Monaco (Population density: 19,150/km²)

Monaco is the second smallest nation in the world (after Holy See), and the second most densely populated. Located in Europe, it is divided into 10 wards.

It borders France on three sides and the Mediterranean Sea on its fourth.

Roughly the same size as New York’s Central Park or about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC (1.95 sq kilometers or 0.75 square miles), the city of Monaco and the Principality of Monaco are essentially the same thing.

Tourists are attracted to Monaco by its weather and casino, and its glamorous reputation.

Ruled by the House of Grimaldi since 1297, the city-state’s sovereignty was declared in 1861 after centuries of being passed between Genoa, France and Sardinia.

Mussolini’s troops invaded in 1943, swiftly followed by the Nazis, but the post-war era was happier and more glamorous, encapsulated by Prince Rainier III’s marriage to the actress Grace Kelly.

In 2005, their son, Albert II, took the throne.

3. Singapore (Population density: 8,109/km²)

Though physically small, Singapore is an economic giant. It has been Southeast Asia's most modern city for over a century. The city blends Malay, Chinese, Arab, Indian and English cultures and religions. Its unique ethnic tapestry affords visitors a wide array of sightseeing and culinary opportunities from which to choose. A full calendar of traditional festivals and holidays celebrated throughout the year adds to its cultural appeal. In addition, Singapore offers luxury hotels, delectable cuisine and great shopping! The island nation of the Republic of Singapore lies one degree north of the Equator in Southern Asia. The country includes the island of Singapore and 58 or so smaller islands. Because of its efficient and determined government, Singapore has become a flourishing country that excels in trade and tourism and is a model to developing nations. The capital city, also called Singapore, covers about a third of the area of the main island.

Located at the tip of the Malay Peninsula, Singapore's tropical climate welcomes both leisure and business travelers year-round. The island republic's excellent infrastructure enables visitors to enjoy its many sites and attractions in a safe, clean and green environment. Award winning Changi Airport provides airlinks to major cities around the world. The train and subway systems are clean, fast and efficient. In addition, its state-of-the-art cruise terminal has established Singapore as one of the premier cruising centers of South East Asia and an exciting port of call on any Asian cruise itinerary.

In the city, there is no need for a car. Public transportation is excellent and walking is a good way to explore the city. All major attractions are also accessible by tour bus. Since the city is only 60 miles (100k) from the equator, the tropical temperatures do not vary much. Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. No matter when you choose to visit, warm weather will be abundantly available. The visitor is struck immediately by Singapore's abundance of parks, nature reserves, and lush, tropical greenery.

4. Hong Kong (Population density: 6,677/km²)

Hong Kong, special administrative region of China, located to the east of the Pearl River (Xu Jiang) estuary on the south coast of China. The region is bordered by Guangdong province to the north and the South China Sea to the east, south, and west. It consists of Hong Kong Island, originally ceded by China to Great Britain in 1842, the southern part of the Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters (Ngong Shuen) Island (now joined to the mainland), ceded in 1860, and the New Territories, which include the mainland area lying largely to the north, together with 230 large and small offshore islands—all of which were leased from China for 99 years from 1898 to 1997. The Chinese-British joint declaration signed on December 19, 1984, paved the way for the entire territory to be returned to China, which occurred July 1, 1997.

The area of Hong Kong has expanded over the years, and it has continued to grow as more land has been reclaimed from the surrounding sea. Hong Kong Island and its adjacent islets have an area of only about 31 square miles (81 square km), while urban Kowloon, which includes the Kowloon Peninsula south of Boundary Street, and Stonecutters Island measure about 18 square miles (47 square km). The New Territories account for the rest of the area—more than 90 percent of the total. The Victoria urban district located on the barren rocks of the northwestern coast of Hong Kong Island is the place where the British first landed in 1841, and it has since been the centre of administrative and economic activities.

Hong Kong developed initially on the basis of its excellent natural harbour (its Chinese name means “fragrant harbour”) and the lucrative China trade, particularly opium dealing. It was the expansion of its territory, however, that provided labour and other resources necessary for sustained commercial growth that led to its becoming one of the world’s major trade and financial centres. The community remains limited in space and natural resources, and it faces persistent problems of overcrowding, trade fluctuations, and social and political unrest. Nevertheless, Hong Kong has emerged strong and prosperous, albeit with a changed role, as an entrepôt, a manufacturing and financial centre, and a vital agent in the trade and modernization of China.

5. Gibraltar (Population density: 5,620/km²)

A unique city break destination packed full of culture, history and tax-free shopping, Gibraltar is located at the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula. The self-governing British Overseas Territory borders Spain to the north and, across the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco to the south. As well as a holiday hotspot, Gibraltar is the only EU Offshore Business Hub offering Financial Services, Maritime services and E-Gaming as its main economic sectors. Gibraltar's GDP per capita ranks as one of the highest in the world.  Fully compliant with European standards of regulation, the 10% corporate tax rate continues to encourage international companies from basing themselves in this attractive, modern and vibrant low tax jurisdiction.

Gibraltar's strategic location still continues to bring its advantages in modern days.  At the meeting points of the Costa del Sol and Costa de la Luz regions in Southern Spain, our new terminal is only a two-minute walk from the border with Gibraltar's northern neighbour.  This places us as a desirable and alternative entry point to the region. Both coastlines, apart from traditional tourism also comprise an established second home market in addition to a varied diaspora of resident European nationalities.  Every year, between 50-60% of passenger arrivals continue 'in transit' to the nearby region, highlighting the strength the airport already possesses in its catchment area.

6. Bahrain (Population density: 2,052/km²)

The Kingdom of Bahrain is an archipelago of low lying islands located in the Arabian Gulf off the Eastern shore of Saudi Arabia. Its name stems from the Arabic for “two seas”- reflecting its unique natural combination of freshwater springs amongst salty sea beds.

Perhaps most well-known for its history of civilizations that date back more than 5,000 years, Bahrain has achieved an impressive status as a progressive powerhouse in the region in terms of economy, vision and lifestyle.

Strategically located in the centre of ancient trade routes between the East and the West, Bahrain has always been immersed in trade and commerce, and its people have grown accustomed to cultural diversification.  In the early 1900s, Bahrain held a preeminent position as the hub for the international pearl trade, and was known as a hotbed for cultivating pearls of the highest quality.  The precious pearl became the main driver for Bahrain’s economic growth for several decades, bringing merchants from far and wide to this small island.  This exposure was a critical factor in enabling Bahrain’s progression, encouraging a culture of entrepreneurship, openness and learning.  Innovation fostered vision and today, this vision has translated into an economy that the most diverse in the region, a community that is one of the highest educated in the region, and a lifestyle renowned for its ease.

7. Vatican City (Population density: 1,820/km²)

Vatican City, officially the Vatican City State, is the Holy See's independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy. Vatican City became independent from Italy with the Lateran Treaty (1929), and it is a distinct territory under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See, itself a sovereign entity of international law, which maintains the city state's temporal, diplomatic, and spiritual independence. With an area of 49 hectares (121 acres) and a population of about 805, it is the smallest sovereign state in the world by both area and population.

As governed by the Holy See, the Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state (a type of theocracy) ruled by the pope who is the bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. Except for the Avignon Papacy (1309–1437), the popes have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.

The Holy See dates back to Early Christianity and is the principal episcopal see of the Catholic Church, with approximately 1.313 billion baptised Catholic Christians in the world as of 2017 in the Latin Church and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches. The independent Vatican City-state, on the other hand, came into existence on 11 February 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870), which had previously encompassed much of central Italy.

Within the Vatican City are religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures. The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by the sale of postage stamps and souvenirs, fees for admission to museums, and sales of publications.

8. Maldives (Population density: 1,719/km²)

Maldives, officially the Republic of Maldives and also referred to as the Maldive Islands, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean consisting of a double chain of twenty-six atolls, orientated north-south, that lie about 700 kilometres (430 mi) south-west of Sri Lanka and 400 kilometres (250 mi) south-west of India.

The Maldives atolls are one of the world's most geographically dispersed and is the smallest Asian country in both population and land area. It is also the planet's lowest country. However, more than 80 percent of the country's land is composed of coral islands that rise less than one metre above sea level. The reef is composed of coral debris and living coral. This acts as a natural barrier against the sea, forming lagoons.

Maldives waters are home to several ecosystems, but are most noted for their variety of colourful coral reefs, home to 1100 species of fish, 5 species of sea turtles, 21 species of whales and dolphins, 187 species of corals, 400 species of mollusks, and 83 species of echinoderms. Many crustacean species are there as well.

9. Malta (Population density: 1,390/km²)

Malta is a history-rich small archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the smallest countries in Europe. The islands, situated east of Tunisia and about 100 km (60 mi) south of the island of Sicily (Italy), are a popular tourist destination.

Malta, officially the Republic of Malta, consists of the main island Malta and the smaller islands of Gozo and Comino. The country covers an area of 316 km²; compared, it is about twice the size of Washington, DC, and it would fit into Luxembourg eight times.

Malta has a population of 494,000 people (in 2019). The country is in the Top10 of the most densely populated countries in the world. The capital city is Valletta on the island of Malta. The official languages are Maltese and English.

10. Sint Maarten (Population density: 1,234/km²)

Sint Maarten, also spelled Saint Martin, a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Lesser Antilles, northeastern Caribbean Sea. It occupies the southern third of the island of Saint Martin.

The northern two-thirds of the island constitutes the French overseas collectivity of Saint-Martin. The capital of Sint Maarten is Philipsburg, which is also the main settlement.

The Arawak and Carib inhabited the island before its sighting by Christopher Columbus on November 11, 1493, the feast day of St. Martin of Tours. It was claimed by several European powers—notably the Dutch and the French, who partitioned the island in 1648. The Dutch portion of the island became a part of the Dutch West Indies in 1828 and in 1845 was one of the six Dutch island territories in the West Indies that were brought under collective administration. In 1954 those six were reorganized into the Netherlands Antilles, becoming an integral part of the Netherlands politically with autonomy in their internal affairs. However, in 1986 one of the constituent members, Aruba, chose to leave the Netherlands Antilles and establish its own autonomy within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

In 1989 the political leadership of Sint Maarten announced its desire to achieve full independence as soon as possible, although eventually Sint Maarten chose to remain within the Netherlands with a status that allowed for a greater degree of autonomy. In 2006 the people of Sint Maarten agreed, along with the other islands and the government of the Netherlands, to dissolve the Netherlands Antilles; this occurred on October 10, 2010. Sint Maarten and Curaçao became, like Aruba, countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

 

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